Distraction by mobile phones social media during work.

14: Social media/www distractions at work: 5-step-cure!

There is no single factor as detrimental to concentration as glancing at your social media, e-mail or newsfeed. If you need help to break the addiction – and you’re not alone – we have the cure you’re looking for! Turn your back to social media/www distractions and enjoy more time to focus on your research again. 

When we ask researchers about their biggest time wasters, there’s one that always comes up: Being distracted by social media/www. Well, that does not come as such a big surprise. I’m guessing we are all familiar with the following scenarios:

  • you need to look up a reference for your research paper, and incidentally you are prompted with advertisement for the running shoes you’ve been browsing lately, so you click on it …
  • or, you are sitting down with best intentions to work on your draft research proposal, thinking hard for a few minutes, and then your mind wanders, and you are drifting off and suddenly find yourself checking your friend’s latest Facebook posts …
  • or, a friend is asking for help on WhatsApp: how to make the perfect guacamole? – of course, you’re the one who does it best and so you have to jump in and help …
  • or, you are stuck with that boring data analysis, trying to find some meaningful correlations in a sea of accumulated data, and whoops there you are – reading the morning news on BBC …

All of these distractions sneak in through the backdoor, and if we are not careful, they can take up a huge amount of our time. These distractions are not new anymore, but their quality has changed and with that, the problem of being distracted has increased. In contrast to a few years ago, we have high-speed internet everywhere, so it has become ubiquitous – available everywhere throughout our day. The amount of interesting information has also increased, because it’s become more personalised and tailor-made to suit our needs. As a result, the frequency and duration of our use has gone up, way up! 

Why bother? 

That’s all fine you might say, what’s the problem? Well, you know we at TRESS ACADEMIC  are on a mission to make your academic lives better – e.g. more efficient and enjoyable! And whenever we spot something that is taking away from your chance at being a high performing scientist, we ring the alarm bells! 

Distraction by social media/www at work has become a big problem, and we’d like to try and do something about it. We offer you our 5 step cure to wean yourself off distractions from social media/www during working hours. We let you know how to become better at avoiding distractions, regaining control, and reclaiming your precious time. Sounds interesting? Please read on …

A blessing or chore? 

Well, the opportunity for endless web browsing, like most great technology, is both. It’s great that we have all these tools, but that does not mean, we should use them all the time. It is of course meaningful that you can easily access the latest publications for your research, that you have an active profile on Linked-In to follow up on international networks and collaborations, or that you can check Facebook and Twitter to get the latest announcements of conferences, courses, or job postings in your field, however, we do not limit ourselves to just that. 

Private versus professional use

But … (take a deep breath) … private use of social media/www during work is clearly not meaningful or productive. You would not physically meet with your friends while working in the lab, and so you shouldn’t virtually do so as well. You would not go shopping during working hours and so you should not go after that bargain in the midst of the work day, just because the offer closes before noon. You would not sit in the office and read the ‘Times’ offline, and therefore you should not read it online either. The problem is that the medium is always the same, and being on LinkedIn, Facebook, or Twitter as a professional researcher means you are always only one mouse-click away from checking in with your buddies as well. We understand how the lines have blurred between professional and social media use, with many of us maintaining a social media presence for professional reasons, even at TRESS ACADEMIC. But it’s so easy to go sideways. You’re sliding back and forth between work life and your social life, often without noticing.

Meaningful and not-meaningful professional use of social media/www 

Another factor is that even if you are using the internet or social media/www for professional purposes, you don’t want to be constantly distracted, while trying to focus on something else (see our related blogpost no. 4: How to make time for research).Whether it’s the e-mail from a colleague asking if you would have time to explain a little methodological detail to help her with her analysis, or the completely irrelevant links to references that you follow up on Scopus while actually searching for another relevant reference. . . Your focus erodes.

With the interruption always comes a switching of tasks. You switch from the task you are working on to the distraction, and back to what you were doing. Switching comes at a cost: It takes your mind off what you were focusing on, and you’ll need more effort to dig into it again. After a few distractions you might have lost the plot completely and given up working on the task, because your feel you can’t get ahead with it anyway. 

So there is a very fine line, between meaningful and not meaningful. Meaningful is, what helps you advance with your work as a professional researcher (hint: posting a recipe for guacamole does not). Not meaningful is what keeps you away from doing the work you’re supposed to do. So just how can you get a grip on it?

Step 1: How bad is it really for me?

In order to see how big of a problem this is for you, we suggest you track your interruptions for one typical workday (or more if you like). As we’re always keen to make your life easier, we’ve created a free worksheet to help you on your way – no fancy online tool this time, just a piece of paper (to avoid further distractions). Download our free ‘Time-tracker: Social-media/www-usage’. 

Once you’ve printed our sheet and you’re ready to start working, please follow these instructions: Enter every distraction by social media/www during your workday in the worksheet. Track your time for at least one workday. Write down every time you deviate from what you intended to do because you were distracted or diverted by social media/www. You can do this right at the moment you realise that you went astray. Or do it at the end of a task, before switching to the next.

At the end of your workday, do the following: Count the number of distractions you had in total. Find out, what the main sources of distraction are for you? Write down your top 3. Then count the total time you have lost over the entire day due to social media/www distractions. Once you are done, look at the scorecard on the last page of the time-tracker to get your assessment of what category of social-media/www user you are. 

What are the consequences?

Now that you have the results, confront yourself with the consequences: Only 30 min. lost per day accumulates to around about 10h per month (weekends excluded), which makes 125h per year, which equals 15 1/2 workdays! It already amounts to roughly a month’s work if you’re in the category of wasting 1h per day! Completely down the drain! Be aware that this constitutes a (mild) action of self-harm: you’re engaging in an activity that is detrimental to your productivity and sabotaging your own career-advancement (to be blunt).

Now close your eyes and focus on something great that you could achieve instead if you’d have been able to use your time more meaningfully. You could increase your output in terms of research papers by 1 or 2, you could draft a proposal to take your research to the next step, or write that super-impressive job application, that will finally give you a tenure-track position . . . or just have a wee bit more free time outside of work!

For some people having the time-tracker sheet next to them already does the trick. They’re so embarrassed to write down another distraction that they stop right there and turn back to work . . .well excellent then – you’re cured already. For others, the confrontation with the consequences comes with the insight that something in their work-patterns has to change. But they also need a few hints to know how to make that change a reality- if that’s you, then read on.   

Step 2: Become aware of the reasons

Why are you distracted? Reflecting on that and digging out the real reasons can help you to find out what you can do to minimise the distractions and get into a more productive work-style. 

Here are a four common reasons:

1. Fear or anxiety: 

Are you frequently distracting yourself right when you actually want to tackle a difficult or challenging task? Being afraid to fail, do something wrong, or not being good enough means you ‘flee’ from the tricky task and indulge instead on social media/www, because it’s easy, gives momentary satisfaction, and a release from your anxiety. 

2. Boring task or one you don’t like: 

You are working on a task that is repetitive, or endless, or simply not your favourite, and after a little while, you can’t concentrate any longer and escape to social media/www. Again, this brings the quick-fix of momentary satisfaction and you feel better for a second, before realising that you just tricked yourself and the boring task  still awaits you. 

3. Exhaustion, in need of a break: 

Maybe you have pushed on for too long already and you simple can’t focus anymore. Being easily distracted can also be the result of weeks or months during which you worked too much and with too few breaks. Getting distracted in this case signals – you need a real pause!

4. Bad habit: 

Maybe the reason behind your frequent distractions is none of the above, but simply the result of a bad habit. Because you started the day by pushing the snooze button on your mobile and – because it’s already in your hand – you get right into the latest twitter conversations. You continue it over breakfast, on the commute to work, and then naturally at your institute as well. It dominates your thoughts so much, that mentally it is your main ‘occupation’ and work is what you do in-between. 

For all of the above, becoming conscious of the issue is the first step to minimising distractions. Afterwards  you can try one or more of the following: 

  • Try to focus on one task without getting distracted for a fixed timespan. You decide how long that might be. 
  • If you are afraid or anxious, start with 15-20 min. then take a short break. If it’s something boring, maybe work on it for 1h straight and then take a good break and work on something else afterwards. 
  • In the breaks, you can allow yourself to use social media/www if you feel like it. 
  • But now you use it as a reward – after you have successfully completed a task! That’s a big difference! 
  • If exhaustion is your dominating problem, build more and longer breaks into your days, and work on your overall well-being. 
  • As for the bad habit, you may want to reduce the total time you spent on social media and to get a head-start, try  NOT to use it before a certain time in the day – let’s say until the first coffee break in the late morning. By that time, you may have completed your most important tasks. 
  • For more information on how to accomplish this with better scheduling, read our recent blog post “How to find time for research”. Once you start your day off on the right foot, your mind will be occupied by other thoughts throughout the day.

Step 3: Remove triggers

Before you start work, or you start working on a particular task, make sure you remove the triggers as far as possible. By ‘triggers’ we mean all those incidental stimuli that can cause distractions. Remove everything that makes you transgress from your intended activity to the distraction, without realising it.  (Just happened to me. I wanted to look up a synonym for ‘trigger’ online and – landed straight on our fb page where my colleague had just commented on our latest video . . .). We suggest you give the following a try:

  • Stow away your cell phone. Place it away from your desk, ideally somewhere across the room so you have to stand up and walk there to get it. 
  • Remove all alerts with sounds, or even better remove them entirely. This goes for your mobile as well as your computer. 
  • Close the browser on your computer, as well as e-mail, and any messaging software  you are using. You’ll only open these when you need them for work, or during breaks. 
  • If you need to work on the internet, especially when searching for information, have a clear and specific goal, what you are looking for. Write that goal down in one sentence on a sheet of paper, or a sticky note and place it right next to your keyboard. It functions as a visual reminder to not go off track.
Removing triggers helps you to stay focused!

Step 4: The moment it happens

If possible, become aware of the moment you get distracted – right when you actually turn to something else. That may seem difficult at first, but with you becoming more aware of the issue of www/internet as a distraction, it’ll be easier for you to spot the moment you go sideways. The issue slowly raises from your subconscious to acknowledged behaviour if you are aware of it. 

If you notice that you are on your way to being distracted, or it has happened already, stop yourself right there. Go back to the task you intended to do. You don’t have to play the blame-game and tell yourself how bad you are  for not being able to focus. Just gently put your thoughts back to where they should be (and your eyeballs to!). That’s all. 

Something else you can try is to check in with yourself from time to time to see if you’re still working on the task you wanted to work on. Set an alarm with a pleasant sound at every 15 min. to gently remind you what you wanted to work on. That can initially help you  to become aware of distractions, but you should not make a habit of it in the long run. 

Step 5: Additional measures to reduce usage of social media/www

If you tried for a week or two and you can’t see any big improvement, or, if you scored very high with the number of distractions you experience during a day, you may have to step up your efforts. You’re likely addicted to using social media/www all the time and you really need to wean yourself off. 

One thing you can try is going ‘cold turkey’. Leave your mobile phone at home for a day or two, or put it in a locker at work. If that sounds too harsh, try one of the apps below, which temporarily block access to social media/www or restrict the time you want to spent on it because when the firewall’s up, it’s up! 

Here’s our pick of the best apps:

For Mac/iOS

  • SelfControl: a free app that lets you block your own access to distracting websites, mail servers, or anything else on the Internet.  
  • SPACE: Supported by research from leading universities, is a digital behaviour change program. Set goals for your phone use, monitor your behaviour and track progress. 
  • Freedom: Helps to eliminate distractions and focus on a single task. Encourages to built new habits to deal with social media and e-mails.
  • ColdTurkey: The name says it all. Block web pages, the entire internet, or your whole computer. There’s a writer feature that forces you to finish your paper before you can do anything else.

For Windows/Android 

  • AppBlock: Helps you to block distracting applications temporarily. Can get activated for a precise time and date, and once the pre-set time duration is over, the blocked apps can be used again.
  • StayFree: Shows you how much time you spend on your smartphone and favourite apps. You can set usage limits for your apps and receive alerts when exceeding the limit.
  • Freedom: Helps to eliminate distractions and focus on a single task. Encourages to built new habits to deal with social media and e-mails.
  • YourHour: – Phone Addiction Tracker and Controller. Offers a variety of fun features to control your phone usage. Reveals the category of phone addict that you are!  

Conclusion: You can beat this, don’t worry!

You’ll be proud of yourself, and so much more productive, once you’ve reduced your use of social media/www during work. And then go you can off after work and enjoy your spare time – perhaps after you’ve successfully reduced your use of social media/www at work, you’ll want to do that in your private life as well. Go for that 30 min run instead of scrolling through Instagram! 

Related resources:

More information: 

Want to receive more information on how to be successful in your academic life, publish papers, give conference talks or complete your PhD on time? Sign up to our newsletter and be regularly informed about new postings and free resources. 

(c) 2019 Tress Academic

photographs by Marvin Mayer, William Iven at Unsplash.com

#TimeWaster, #SocialMedia, #Research, #EfficientResearcher 

Address Book Address Card adjust align-center align-justify align-left align-right Allergies ambulance American Sign Language Interpreting Anchor Angle Double Down Angle Double Left Angle Double Right Angle Double Up angle-down angle-left angle-right angle-up Archive Alternate Arrow Circle Down Alternate Arrow Circle Left Alternate Arrow Circle Right Alternate Arrow Circle Up Arrow Circle Down Arrow Circle Left Arrow Circle Right Arrow Circle Up arrow-down arrow-left arrow-right arrow-up Alternate Arrows Alternate Arrows Horizontal Alternate Arrows Vertical Assistive Listening Systems asterisk At Audio Description backward Balance Scale ban Band-Aid barcode Bars Baseball Ball Basketball Ball Bath Battery Empty Battery Full Battery 1/2 Full Battery 1/4 Full Battery 3/4 Full Bed beer bell Bell Slash Bicycle Binoculars Birthday Cake Blind bold Lightning Bolt Bomb book bookmark Bowling Ball Box Box Open Boxes Braille Briefcase Medical Briefcase Bug Building bullhorn Bullseye Burn Bus Calculator Calendar Alternate Calendar Calendar Check Calendar Minus Calendar Plus Calendar Times camera Retro Camera Capsules Car Caret Down Caret Left Caret Right Caret Square Down Caret Square Left Caret Square Right Caret Square Up Caret Up Shopping Cart Arrow Down Add to Shopping Cart certificate Area Chart Bar Chart Line Chart Pie Chart Check Check Circle Check Square Chess Chess Bishop Chess Board Chess King Chess Knight Chess Pawn Chess Queen Chess Rook Chevron Circle Down Chevron Circle Left Chevron Circle Right Chevron Circle Up chevron-down chevron-left chevron-right chevron-up Child Circle Circle Notched Clipboard Clipboard Check Clipboard List Clock Clone Closed Captioning Cloud Cloud Download Alternate Cloud Upload Alternate Code Code Branch Coffee cog cogs Columns comment Alternate Comment Comment Dots Comment Slash comments Compass Compress Copy Copyright Couch Credit Card crop Crosshairs Cube Cubes Cut Database Deaf Desktop Diagnoses DNA Dollar Sign Dolly Dolly Flatbed Dot Circle Dove Download Edit eject Horizontal Ellipsis Vertical Ellipsis Envelope Envelope Open Envelope Square eraser Euro Sign Alternate Exchange exclamation Exclamation Circle Exclamation Triangle Expand Alternate Expand Arrows Alternate External Link Alternate External Link Square Eye Eye Dropper Eye Slash fast-backward fast-forward Fax Female fighter-jet File Alternate File Archive File Audio File Code File Excel File Image File Medical File Medical File Alternate PDF File Powerpoint File Video File Word File Film Filter fire fire-extinguisher First Aid flag flag-checkered Flask Folder Folder Open font Font Awesome Full Logo Football Ball forward Frown Futbol Gamepad Gavel Gem Genderless gift Martini Glass Globe Golf Ball Graduation Cap H Square Hand Holding Hand Holding Heart Hand Holding US Dollar Lizard (Hand) Paper (Hand) Peace (Hand) Hand Pointing Down Hand Pointing Left Hand Pointing Right Hand Pointing Up Pointer (Hand) Rock (Hand) Scissors (Hand) Spock (Hand) Hands Helping Hands Handshake Hashtag HDD heading headphones Heart Heartbeat History Hockey Puck home hospital Hospital Alternate Hospital Symbol Hourglass Hourglass End Hourglass Half Hourglass Start I Beam Cursor Identification Badge Identification Card Identification Card Alternate Image Images inbox Indent Industry Info Info Circle italic key Keyboard Language Laptop leaf Lemon Level Down Alternate Level Up Alternate Life Ring Lightbulb Link Turkish Lira Sign List List Alternate list-ol list-ul location-arrow lock Lock Open Alternate Long Arrow Down Alternate Long Arrow Left Alternate Long Arrow Right Alternate Long Arrow Up Low Vision magic magnet Male Map map-marker Map Marker Alternate Map Pin Map Signs Mars Mars Double Mars Stroke Mars Stroke Horizontal Mars Stroke Vertical medkit Meh Mercury Microchip microphone Microphone Slash minus Minus Circle Minus Square Mobile Phone Alternate Mobile Money Bill Alternate Moon Motorcycle Mouse Pointer Music Neuter Newspaper Medical Notes Object Group Object Ungroup Outdent Paint Brush Pallet Paper Plane Paperclip Parachute Box paragraph Paste pause Pause Circle Paw Pen Square Alternate Pencil People Carry Percent Phone Phone Slash Phone Square Phone Volume Piggy Bank Pills plane play Play Circle Plug plus Plus Circle Plus Square Podcast Poo Portrait Pound Sign Power Off Prescription Bottle Alternate Prescription Bottle print Procedures Puzzle Piece qrcode Question Question Circle Quidditch quote-left quote-right random Recycle Redo Alternate Redo Registered Trademark Reply reply-all Retweet Ribbon road rocket rss RSS Square Ruble Sign Indian Rupee Sign Save Search Search Minus Search Plus Seedling Server Share Alternate Share Alternate Share Square Share Square Shekel Sign Alternate Shield Ship Shipping Fast Shopping Bag Shopping Basket shopping-cart Shower Sign Alternate Sign In Sign Language Alternate Sign Out signal Sitemap Horizontal Sliders Smile Smoking Snowflake Sort Sort Alpha Down Sort Alpha Up Sort Amount Down Sort Amount Up Sort Down (Descending) Sort Numeric Down Sort Numeric Up Sort Up (Ascending) Space Shuttle Spinner Square Square Full Star star-half step-backward step-forward Stethoscope Sticky Note stop Stop Circle Stopwatch Street View Strikethrough subscript Subway Suitcase Sun superscript Sync Alternate Sync Syringe table Table Tennis tablet Alternate Tablet Tablets Alternate Tachometer tag tags Tape Tasks Taxi Terminal text-height text-width th th-large th-list Thermometer Thermometer Empty Thermometer Full Thermometer 1/2 Full Thermometer 1/4 Full Thermometer 3/4 Full thumbs-down thumbs-up Thumbtack Alternate Ticket Times Times Circle tint Toggle Off Toggle On Trademark Train Transgender Alternate Transgender Trash Alternate Trash Tree trophy truck Truck Loading Truck Moving TTY Television Umbrella Underline Undo Alternate Undo Universal Access University unlink unlock Alternate Unlock Upload User Alternate User User Alt-slash User Astronaut User Check User Circle User Clock User Cog User Edit User Friends User Graduate User Lock user-md User Minus User Ninja Add User User Secret User Shield User Slash User Tag User Tie Remove User Users Users Cog Utensil Spoon Utensils Venus Venus Double Venus Mars Vial Vials Video Video Slash Volleyball Ball volume-down volume-off volume-up Warehouse Weight Wheelchair WiFi Window Close Window Maximize Window Minimize Window Restore Wine Glass Won Sign Wrench X-Ray Yen Sign